Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) (#3512)

ID-number#3512
MaterialBamboo (Bambusa vulgaris)
Latin nameBambusa vulgaris
DescriptionMature sample
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Herb processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated herb residues ▸ Cereal crops and grasses
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants ▸ bamboo
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-06-24
LiteratureTorrefied Bamboo for the Import of Sustainable Biomass from Colombia, December 2013, ECN‐E‐‐15‐020. funded by Agentschap NL within the Sustainable Biomass Import program under project number DBI02006. Partners in the project were: Colombian Bamboo Society (CO), the Technological University of Pereira (CO) and Imperial consultants from Imperial college of London (UK).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.10 ECN EN 14774-1/2
Ash content wt% 2.70 2.70 EN 14775
Volatile matter wt% 75.92 76.00 78.11 EN 15148
Ash content at 815°C wt% 2.70 2.70 EN 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 21.28 21.30 21.89 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.95 48.00 49.33 ECN EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 6.09 6.10 6.27 EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.60 0.60 0.62 EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 0.05 EN 15289
Oxygen wt% 42.49 42.53 43.71 EN 15289
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.03 19.05 19.58 ECN 2013-06-09 EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.20 19.22 19.75 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 212.8 213.0 218.9 EN 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 ECN NEN 6966
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 6 907.0 NEN 6966
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 NEN 6966
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 215.0 NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 570.0 NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 225.0 NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 892.0 NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 NEN 6966

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 ECN NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 7.5 NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 NEN 6966

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 NEN 6966

Special components

Chlorine (Cl) wt% (daf) 0.02 NEN 6966

Biochemical composition

Lignin wt% (dry) 21.22 NEN 6966
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 21.22 NEN 6966
Lignin acid soluble (ASL) wt% (dry) 0.87 NEN 6966
Extractives EtOH/toluene wt% (dry) 1.42 NEN 6966
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) NEN 6966
Extractives hot water wt% (dry) 15.03 NEN 6966

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.69 NEN 6966
Xylan wt% (dry) 16.62 NEN 6966
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 17.31 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00 NEN 6966
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.16 NEN 6966
Glucan wt% (dry) 36.04 NEN 6966
Rhamnan wt% (dry) 0.00 NEN 6966
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 36.20 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 40.37 Calculated