almond shells (hulls) (#351)

ID-number#351
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 5.41

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.74 49.41 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.98 6.32 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 1.01 1.07 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 40.78 43.11 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.29 18.27
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.59 19.65
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.75 19.83 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 300.0 317.2 Unknown