Bamboo (mature Guadua Angustifolia) (#3505)

ID-number#3505
MaterialBamboo (mature Guadua Angustifolia)
Alternative nameBamboo
Latin nameG. Angustifolia
DescriptionG. angustifolia samples, 5 years old plant, not chemically treated, obtained from a Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified forest located in La Esmeralda farm in Montenegro-Quindio, Colombia.
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Herb processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated herb residues ▸ Cereal crops and grasses
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants ▸ bamboo
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample date2011-10-01
Sample locationQuindio, Colombia
Sample lot size2000 kg
CountryColombia
SubmitterLydia Fryda
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2015-04-13
LiteratureTorrefied Bamboo for the Import of Sustainable Biomass from Colombia, December 2013, ECN‐E‐‐15‐020. funded by Agentschap NL within the Sustainable Biomass Import program under project number DBI02006. Partners in the project were: Colombian Bamboo Society (CO), the Technological University of Pereira (CO) and Imperial consultants from Imperial college of London (UK).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.00 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 14774-2 or 3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 5.19 5.70 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 4.28 4.70 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 14775

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.93 46.08 48.87 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.55 5.00 5.30 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.32 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.09 0.09 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 15289
Oxygen wt% 38.86 42.70 45.28 ECN 2010-04-15 by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.11 18.80 19.94 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.55 17.09 18.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 209.4 1 329.0 1 409.3 ECN 2010-04-15 EN 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966 Environment-Analyses of selected elements in water, eluates and destruates -ICP AES, NL
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 902.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966 Environment-Analyses of selected elements in water, eluates and destruates -ICP AES, NL
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966 Environment-Analyses of selected elements in water, eluates and destruates -ICP AES, NL
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 252.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 12 731.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 218.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 482.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Beryllium (Be) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Tellurium (Te) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Thallium (Tl) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Lanthanum (La) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Niobium (Nb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Scandium (Sc) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Tungsten (W) mg/kg (dry) 6.2 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Yttrium (Y) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966
Zirconium (Zr) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 ECN 2010-04-15 NEN 6966

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 54.91 ECN 2010-04-15
Lignin wt% (dry) 23.72 ECN 2010-04-15
Lignin acid insoluble (AIL) wt% (dry) 23.72 ECN 2010-04-15
Lignin acid soluble (ASL) wt% (dry) 1.00 ECN 2010-04-15
Extractives EtOH/toluene wt% (dry) 1.25 ECN 2010-04-15
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) 10.21 ECN 2010-04-15

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 0.60 ECN 2010-04-15
Xylan wt% (dry) 13.95 ECN 2010-04-15
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 14.55 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.00 ECN 2010-04-15
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.14 ECN 2010-04-15
Glucan wt% (dry) 40.21 ECN 2010-04-15
Rhamnan wt% (dry) 0.00 ECN 2010-04-15
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 40.35 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 95.79 Calculated

Ash Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar) 9.00 ECN 2010-04-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% (dry) 5.70 ECN 2010-04-15
Ash content at 815°C wt% (dry) 4.70 ECN 2010-04-15