woodchips and wood residues, torrefied at 250 – 290 °C (#3503)

ID-number#3503
Materialwoodchips and wood residues, torrefied at 250 – 290 °C
Alternative nameTorrefied woodchips and wood residues
Description6mm pellets of torrefied woodchips and forest residues containing usual mineral contamination
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ mixed wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Sample date2012-05-01
CountryNetherlands
Production date2012-05-01
SubmitterÖfi
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2013-05-21
RemarksSECTOR project Round Robin sample analyses (with standard deviation of the reproducibility) (analysis date: June-August 2012)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.00 0.64 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 14774-2 or 3
Volatile matter wt% 66.42 72.20 74.53 1.87 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15148
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.87 3.12 0.42 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 22.71 24.68 25.47 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.76 53.00 54.71 1.93 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.06 5.50 5.68 0.32 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.41 0.45 0.46 0.19 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15289
Oxygen wt% 34.84 37.87 39.09 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.84 19.60 20.23 0.48 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.05 20.70 21.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 200.6 218.0 225.0 104.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 224.0 86.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 541.0 883.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 267.0 81.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 6 835.0 1 593.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 389.0 982.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 806.0 165.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 431.0 138.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 757.0 223.0 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 12.8 10.7 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.2 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 0.1 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 0.1 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 2.4 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 2.1 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 67.7 10.4 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 0.9 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 0.6 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 0.3 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 50.6 26.5 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.1 RR Sector Project 2012-08-01 EN 15297

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Mechanic durability wt% 95.30 EN 15210-1,2
Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 705 EN 15103