almond shells (hulls) (#350)

ID-number#350
Materialalmond shells (hulls)
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ almond ▸ almond shells (hulls)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [235] amandeldoppen
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Literaturehttp://edv1.vt.tuwien.ac.at/AG_HOFBA/BIOBIB/Biobib.htm (1997).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 6.23

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.50 49.59 Unknown
Hydrogen wt% 5.45 5.81 Unknown
Nitrogen wt% 0.71 0.76 Unknown
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 Unknown
Oxygen wt% 41.03 43.76 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.56 18.73
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.75 19.99
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.97 19.16 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 500.0 533.2 Unknown

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.60
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.00
SiO2 wt% (ash) 4.90
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.30
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.50
CaO wt% (ash) 6.90
MgO wt% (ash) 2.60
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.50
K2O wt% (ash) 49.60