Rapeseed cake (#3486)

ID-number#3486
MaterialRapeseed cake
Alternative nameRapeseed cake
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Oil seed crops ▸ Seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [580] overig ▸ [584] oliezadenmeel, cake of schroot - residu vanvetten en oliën
Sample date2006-06-08
Sample locationSouthwest Sweden
CountrySweden
Production date2006-06-08
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureAgroVäst/ÄFAB 2006: Tillverkning av agropellets i små- ock lokala tillverkningsenheter (in Swedish).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.80 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-:2004 1 Solid biofuels - Methods for determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 1: Total moisture - Reference method
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.92 5.40 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.79 53.50 56.55 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 6.66 7.30 7.72 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 4.47 4.90 5.18 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.49 0.54 0.57 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77/ASTM D 4239 C
Oxygen wt% 25.81 28.30 29.92 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 ASTM-D 5373
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.47 22.69 23.98 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 22.07 24.20 25.58 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.77 23.87 25.23 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 273.6 300.0 317.1 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15289 ASTM-D 4208

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 200
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 190
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 200
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 220