Oat screenings (#3485)

ID-number#3485
MaterialOat screenings
Alternative nameOat
Latin nameAvena sativa
DescriptionOat screenings (oat grains < 2 mm)
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Grains or seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Sample date2006-05-17
CountrySweden
Production date2006-05-17
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureWestlin, H. et al. (2007): Burning of undried oat and screenings - effect of moisture on combustion and economy. (In Swedish, with English summary). JTI rapport 352. 39pp. ISSN 1401-4963.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.40 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 SS 187170
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.03 4.50 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14775 SS 187171

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.84 46.70 48.90 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Hydrogen wt% 5.73 6.40 6.70 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Nitrogen wt% 1.43 1.60 1.68 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS15289 SS 187177
Oxygen wt% 36.74 41.00 42.93 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 Calculated as difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.37 100.41 100.43 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.71 17.82 18.66 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.21 19.21 20.12 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.22 19.22 20.12 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 537.6 600.0 628.3 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15289 SS 187185

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 700.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 100.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 11 700.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 500.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 350
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 340
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 450
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 500