Oat grain (#3484)

ID-number#3484
MaterialOat grain
Alternative nameOat
Latin nameAvena sativa
DescriptionOat grain
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Grains or seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ grain/meal
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [242] granen
Sample date2006-05-17
CountrySweden
Production date2006-05-17
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureWestlin, H. et al. (2007): Burning of undried oat and screenings - effect of moisture on combustion and economy. (In Swedish, with English summary). JTI rapport 352. 39pp. ISSN 1401-4963.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.50 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 SS 187170
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.19 3.60 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14775 SS 187171

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.24 46.60 48.34 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Hydrogen wt% 5.84 6.60 6.85 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Nitrogen wt% 1.77 2.00 2.07 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15104 SP 0503 (elemental analyzer)
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS15289 SS 187177
Oxygen wt% 36.29 41.00 42.53 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 Calculated as difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.49 17.82 18.49 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.05 19.26 19.98 0.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.18 19.41 20.14 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 354.0 400.0 414.9 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 CEN/TS 15289 SS 187185

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 200.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 600.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 5 200.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 200.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 700.0 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) <200 0.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden 2006-08-15 SP 0510 (ICP)

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 490
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 440
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C >1500
FL (flow temperature) °C >1500