Oat grain (#3483)

ID-number#3483
MaterialOat grain
Alternative nameOat
Latin nameAvena sativa
DescriptionOat grain
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Grains or seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ grain/meal
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [242] granen
Sample date2006-06-08
Sample locationSouthwest Sweden
CountrySweden
Production date2006-06-08
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureAgroVäst/ÄFAB 2006: Tillverkning av agropellets i små- ock lokala tillverkningsenheter (in Swedish).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.70 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-:2004 1 Solid biofuels - Methods for determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 1: Total moisture - Reference method
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.24 2.60 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.30 46.70 47.95 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.52 6.40 6.57 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 1.38 1.60 1.64 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77/ASTM D 4239 C
Oxygen wt% 36.68 42.50 43.63 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 ASTM-D 5373
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.03 100.03 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.19 17.99 18.47 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.67 19.31 19.83 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.45 19.06 19.57 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 776.7 900.0 924.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-22 CEN/TS 15289 ASTM-D 4208

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 360
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 340
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 370
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 390