spruce, Logging residues (#3480)

ID-number#3480
Materialspruce, Logging residues
Alternative nameGrot
Latin namePicea abies
DescriptionNorway spruce: fresh and old branches with needles
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Logging residues ▸ Fresh green
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Sample date2004-09-01
Sample locationForsby, 16 km NNW Enköping, Sweden
CountrySweden
Production date2004-09-01
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureEricson, S. 2005: Connections between the growing site of biofuel, the chemical composition of biofuel ash and the deposit growth in a biofuel fired boiler (In Swedish, with English abstract). Master's thesis. 90 pp.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 45.20 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 SS 187170
Ash content at 550°C wt% 1.97 3.60 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 CEN/TS 14775 SS 187171

Ultimate Analysis

Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 CEN/TS15289 ASTM-D 4239 C
Total (with halides) wt% 47.21 3.66 0.06 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 109.6 200.0 207.5 0.0 AnalyCen 2004-09-27 CEN/TS 15289 ASTM-D 4208

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 170.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 ALC208:902; ICP-MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 800.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 75.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 9 100.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 3 900.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 ALC208:201; AAS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 720.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 170.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 680.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) <11 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-AES

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 580.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 130.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 110.0 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) <0,05 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) <0.02 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL170 mod.; AFS

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 7.3 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 ALC208:902; ICP-MS
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) <0.22 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2004-09-27 NMKL161 mod.; ICP-MS