Millet husk (#3477)

ID-number#3477
MaterialMillet husk
DescriptionMillet husk
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Husks or shells
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Sample date2007-01-10
Production date2007-01-10
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureAgroVäst/ÄFAB 2006: Tillverkning av agropellets i små- ock lokala tillverkningsenheter (in Swedish).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.00 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-:2004 1 Solid biofuels - Methods for determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 1: Total moisture - Reference method
Ash content at 550°C wt% 8.10 8.90 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.77 47.00 51.59 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.28 5.80 6.37 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 1.09 1.20 1.32 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77/ASTM D 4239 C
Oxygen wt% 33.67 37.00 40.61 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 ASTM-D 5373
Total (with halides) wt% 100.04 100.04 100.04 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.08 17.91 19.66 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.40 19.12 20.98 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.28 18.99 20.85 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 273.0 300.0 329.3 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2007-01-22 CEN/TS 15289 ASTM-D 4208

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 360
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 340
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 370
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 390