Reed canarygrass (#3475)

ID-number#3475
MaterialReed canarygrass
Latin namePhalaris arundinacea
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed canary grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample date2006-06-18
Sample locationSouthwest Sweden
CountrySweden
Production date2006-06-18
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-12-18
LiteratureAgroVäst/ÄFAB 2006: Tillverkning av agropellets i små- ock lokala tillverkningsenheter (in Swedish).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.40 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-:2004 1 Solid biofuels - Methods for determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 1: Total moisture - Reference method
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.62 4.00 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.13 47.60 49.58 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.16 5.70 5.94 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 0.63 0.70 0.73 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77/ASTM D 4239 C
Oxygen wt% 37.96 41.90 43.65 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 ASTM-D 5373
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.03 100.03 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.93 17.84 18.58 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.23 19.02 19.81 0.00 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.85 18.60 19.38 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 453.0 500.0 520.8 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping 2006-06-29 CEN/TS 15289 ASTM-D 4208

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C >1550
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 540
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C >1550
FL (flow temperature) °C >1550