Spruce Pellets (#3307)

ID-number#3307
MaterialSpruce Pellets
Alternative namePellets
DescriptionÖNORM M 7135 quality
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Wood processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated wood residues ▸ Without bark
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Sample date2005-06-01
Sample methodÖNORM M 7135
CountryAustria
Production date2005-06-01
SubmitterOFI
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-11-16

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.66 0.00 ofi 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 815°C wt% 0.26 0.29 0.32 ofi 2005-06-01

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.80 50.70 50.85 0.00 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.24 5.80 5.82 0.00 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.00 0.01 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ofi 2005-06-01 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 61.06 56.90 56.77 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.95 19.02 19.08 0.00 ofi 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.54 20.52 20.58 0.00 ofi 2005-06-01

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 28.9 32.0 32.1 0.0 10.0 ofi 2005-06-01 CEN/TS 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 53.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 354.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 90.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 712.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 84.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 352.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 117.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 0.0 ofi 2005-06-01 Own method

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 360
DEF (deformation temperature) °C -
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 460
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 470

Commonly used properties

Mechanic durability wt% 97.04 CEN/TS 15210-1,2
Particle density kg/m³ 1 162 CEN/TS 15150