willow (#3293)

ID-number#3293
Materialwillow
Alternative nameSalix hog fuel
Descriptionhog fuel
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Whole trees without roots
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ willow ▸ wood, salix
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [122] zacht loofhout
Sample date2008-03-01
Production date2008-03-01
SubmitterOFI
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-11-16

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 16.10 0.00 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 815°C wt% 1.26 1.50 0.16 ofi 2008-03-01

Ultimate Analysis

Nitrogen wt% 0.60 0.71 0.72 0.00 0.01 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.00 0.00 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 17.99 2.25 0.76 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.80 18.11 18.39 0.01 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.34 19.48 19.78 0.01 ofi 2008-03-01

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 117.5 140.0 142.1 0.0 10.0 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Bromine (Br) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Iodine (I) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Fluorine (F) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2008-03-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 86.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 242.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 961.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 99.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 667.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 38.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 215.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 106.0 0.0 ofi 2008-03-01 Own method