tropical hardwood Markhamia (#3292)

ID-number#3292
Materialtropical hardwood Markhamia
Alternative nameMarkhamia stemwood
Latin nameMarhamia Lutea
DescriptionStemwood with bark
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Stemwood
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ tropical hard wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Sample date2006-11-01
Production date2006-11-01
SubmitterOFI
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-11-16

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 46.50 0.00 ofi 2006-11-01 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 815°C wt% 0.79 1.47 0.16 ofi 2006-11-01

Ultimate Analysis

Nitrogen wt% 0.12 0.22 0.22 0.00 0.01 2006-11-01 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 ofi 2006-11-01 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 47.47 1.81 0.34 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 8.44 17.89 18.16 0.01 ofi 2006-11-01 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 10.29 19.24 19.53 0.01 ofi 2006-11-01

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 545.7 1 020.0 1 035.2 0.0 10.0 ofi 2007-05-01 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Bromine (Br) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2007-05-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Iodine (I) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2007-05-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Fluorine (F) mg/kg (dry) <10 0.0 10.0 ofi 2007-05-01 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 105.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 651.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 7 055.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 178.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 140.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 9.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 395.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 19.8 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 169.0 0.0
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 9.0 0.0 ofi 2007-05-01 Own method