Reed (#3239)

ID-number#3239
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionWinter harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationPärnu; Pulgoja
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-04-18
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 81.60 83.78 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.60 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 15.80 16.22 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.26 48.52 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.19 7.38 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.25 0.26 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.03 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 57.33 56.19 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.57 19.07 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 227.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 653.7 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 964.5 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 014.0 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 8 919.9 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 495.5 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 105.5 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 130
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 240
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 300
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 330