Reed (#3238)

ID-number#3238
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionWinter harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationMatsalu RP; Kiideva
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-04-26
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 81.00 84.73 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.40 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.60 15.27 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.20 49.37 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.19 7.52 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.39 0.41 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 59.19 57.31 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.39 19.24 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 226.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 770.4 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 257.9 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 342.0 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 17 647.8 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 464.3 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 98.5 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 200
DEF (deformation temperature) °C >1350