Reed (#3237)

ID-number#3237
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionWinter harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationSaaremaa; Loode Tammiku, Kasti
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-05-02
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 82.70 84.99 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.70 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.60 15.01 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.67 48.99 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.36 7.56 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.29 0.30 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 58.04 56.88 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.51 19.02 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 150.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 739.3 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 853.4 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 877.5 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 9 996.3 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 493.3 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 71.8 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 165
DEF (deformation temperature) °C >1350