Reed (#3235)

ID-number#3235
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionWinter harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationNorth of Estonia; Turboneeme, Mahu
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-05-10
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 84.00 86.15 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.50 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 13.50 13.85 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.56 48.78 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.46 7.65 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.26 0.27 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 57.80 56.72 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.47 18.94 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 135.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 956.3 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 545.3 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 141.1 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 9 143.6 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 158.3 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 63.0 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 295
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 445
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C >1445