Reed (#3234)

ID-number#3234
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionWinter harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationPeipsi lake; Popovitsa
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-04-27
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 83.10 86.38 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.80 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 13.10 13.62 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.92 48.77 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.34 7.63 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.24 0.25 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 58.34 56.69 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.23 18.95 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 191.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 154.1 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 259.4 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 199.7 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 15 415.3 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 151.2 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 183.4 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 050
DEF (deformation temperature) °C >1350