Reed (#3233)

ID-number#3233
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationVõrtsijärv; Vaibla
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-15
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 76.80 81.53 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 5.80 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 17.40 18.47 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.14 50.04 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.63 5.98 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.40 1.49 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.21 0.22 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 60.18 57.73 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.65 19.80 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 519.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 10 929.8 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 645.5 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 057.4 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 13 141.7 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 168.2 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 146.0 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 740
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 890
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 030
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 080