Reed (#3232)

ID-number#3232
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationHiiumaa; Orjaku
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-08-04
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 74.30 79.98 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.10 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.60 20.02 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.03 50.62 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.74 6.18 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.28 1.38 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.19 0.20 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 61.34 58.39 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.65 20.08 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 370.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 14 036.5 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 997.9 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 782.0 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 13 519.7 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 249.7 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 120.0 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 670
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 875
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 040
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 090