Reed (#3231)

ID-number#3231
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationHaapsalu
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-17
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 75.70 80.70 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.20 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.10 19.30 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.44 49.51 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 8.56 9.13 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.56 1.66 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.16 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.91 60.46 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.81 20.05 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 315.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 17 810.9 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 777.4 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 713.9 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 10 115.0 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 170.2 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 104.1 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 665
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 915
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 010
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 070