Reed (#3230)

ID-number#3230
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationRocca al Mare; Kopli
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-18
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 74.50 80.02 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.90 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.60 19.98 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.89 49.29 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 8.24 8.85 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.40 1.50 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.55 59.77 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.65 20.03 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 248.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 19 650.0
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 279.8
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 173.5
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 10 524.8
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 886.3
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 106.2

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 630
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 860
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 950
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 065