Reed (#3229)

ID-number#3229
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationPärnu; Pulgoja
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-19
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 75.30 80.53 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.50 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.20 19.47 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.17 49.38 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 8.45 9.04 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.39 1.49 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.18 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.68 60.09 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.83 20.14 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 248.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 16 677.1 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 692.7 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 010.4 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 11 200.0 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 242.5 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 109.1 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 685
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 930
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 015
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 100