Reed (#3228)

ID-number#3228
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationMatsalu RP; Kiideva
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-17
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 74.70 80.67 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.40 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 17.90 19.33 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.95 49.62 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.81 8.43 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.52 1.64 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.19 0.21 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.87 59.90 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.73 20.23 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 243.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 17 874.8
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 131.0
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 834.1
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 13 760.9
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 646.6
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 129.4

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 705
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 800
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 040
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 150