Reed (#3227)

ID-number#3227
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationSaaremaa; Loode Tammiku, Kasti
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-26
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 77.00 80.88 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.80 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.20 19.12 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.66 49.01 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.86 8.26 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.01 1.06 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.16 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 60.48 58.49 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.81 19.76 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 89.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 11 331.6
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 457.3
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 313.1
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 8 055.4
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 796.0
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 87.3

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 870
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 905
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 965
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 045