Reed (#3226)

ID-number#3226
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationVäike Väin; Linnuse
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-13
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 75.20 80.43 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.50 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.30 19.57 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.98 49.18 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.93 8.48 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.55 1.66 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.15 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.10 59.47 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.69 19.99 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 320.0 TUT
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 15 409.6 TUT
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 837.4 TUT
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 546.1 TUT
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 12 035.6 TUT
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 395.4 TUT
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 122.8 TUT

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 750
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 865
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 990
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 070