Reed (#3225)

ID-number#3225
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationNorth Estonia; Turboneeme, Mahu
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-13
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 75.30 80.97 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.00 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 17.70 19.03 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.09 49.56 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 7.53 8.10 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.34 1.44 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.20 0.22 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.16 59.31 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.78 20.19 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 767.0
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 19 917.4
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 737.0
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 490.0
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 8 802.4
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 004.6
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 235.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 620
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 830
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 980
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 055