Reed (#3224)

ID-number#3224
MaterialReed
Alternative namePilliroog
Latin namePhragmatis Australis
DescriptionSummer harvest
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ reed ▸ reed
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Sample locationPeipsi lake; Popovitsa
CountryEstonia
Production date2007-07-15
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Volatile matter wt% 76.70 81.68 TUT
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.10 TUT CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 17.20 18.32 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.52 49.54 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 8.22 8.75 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.32 1.41 TUT CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.15 TUT CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 62.30 59.85 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.79 20.01 TUT

Chemical Analyses

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 391.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 414.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 534.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 558.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 12 649.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 140.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 166.0 TUT CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 750
DEF (deformation temperature) °C 895
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 090
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 185