Oat grain (#3222)

ID-number#3222
MaterialOat grain
Alternative nameOat
Latin nameAvena sativa
DescriptionOat grain
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Grains or seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ grain/meal
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [242] granen
CountrySweden
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-07-17
LiteratureRönnbäck et al. (2008): Characterization and reduction of dust during combustion of energy grain. (In Swedish, with English abstract). SP Rapport 2008:04. ISSN 0284-5172.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.00 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-2:2004 Solid biofuels - Methods for the determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 2: Total moisture - Simplified method
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.76 3.10 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 14775 Own method

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.36 47.60 49.12 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.87 6.60 6.81 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 1.96 2.20 2.27 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.17 0.19 0.20 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS15289:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Oxygen wt% 35.60 40.00 41.28 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden
Total (with halides) wt% 99.77 99.74 99.73 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.19 18.49 19.08 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918:2005 Solid Biofuels - Method for the determination of calorific value
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.73 19.92 20.56 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 14918:2005 Solid Biofuels - Method for the determination of calorific value
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.68 19.86 20.50 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 445.0 500.0 516.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 200.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 700.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) <100 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 1 000.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 500.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 400.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 100.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 4 400.0 SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements