Fibre hemp (#3221)

ID-number#3221
MaterialFibre hemp
Alternative nameHemp
Latin nameCannabis sativa L.
DescriptionWhole plant above ground
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Sample date2005-04-01
Sample locationDegernäs
CountrySweden
Production date2005-04-01
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-10-09
LiteratureFinell et al. (2006): (In Swedish). BTK report 2006:13.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content at 550°C wt% 1.50 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 14775 SS 18 71 71:1

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.30 48.02 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Hydrogen wt% 6.00 6.09 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Nitrogen wt% 0.70 0.71 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77:1
Oxygen wt% 44.40 45.08 SLU, Röbäcksdalen Own method
Total (with halides) wt% 99.95 99.95 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.48 17.75 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.79 19.08 SLU, Röbäcksdalen ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.63 18.91 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 100.0 101.5 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15289 SS 18 71 54:1

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 32.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 670.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) <53 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 600.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 400.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:201, AAS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 360.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 54.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 740.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) <11 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.6 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 43.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-AES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.8 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) <0.05 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) <0.02 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 170 mod., AFS

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) <0.05 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) <5.3 AnalyCen, Lidköping SS028150-2
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) <0.21 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 610
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 610
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 610