Fibre hemp (#3216)

ID-number#3216
MaterialFibre hemp
Alternative nameHemp
Latin nameCannabis sativa L.
DescriptionWhole plant above ground
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ hemp
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [225] hennep
Sample date2002-04-01
Sample locationRöbäcksdalen, Sweden
CountrySweden
Production date2002-04-01
SubmitterSLU; Nilsson, T.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-10-09
LiteratureFinell et al. (2006): (In Swedish). BTK report 2006:13.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.80 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 SS 18 71 70:3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.71 3.00 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 14775 SS 18 71 71:1

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.11 48.90 50.41 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Hydrogen wt% 5.59 6.20 6.39 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Nitrogen wt% 0.72 0.80 0.82 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15104 Own method
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS15289 SS 18 71 77:1
Oxygen wt% 36.98 41.00 42.27 SLU, Röbäcksdalen Own method
Total (with halides) wt% 99.93 99.92 99.91 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.93 17.93 18.48 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 14918 ISO 1928
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.39 19.28 19.88 SLU, Röbäcksdalen ISO 1928
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.87 19.81 20.42 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 90.2 100.0 103.1 SLU, Röbäcksdalen CEN/TS 15289 SS 18 71 54:1

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 260.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 6 700.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 800.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:201, AAS
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 420.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 340.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 300.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 25.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.9 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 27.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-AES
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 2.3 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-AES
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 7.4 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) <0.02 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 170 mod., AFS

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 AnalyCen, Lidköping ALC208:902, ICP-MS
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) <5.4 AnalyCen, Lidköping SS028150-2
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 AnalyCen, Lidköping NMKL 161 mod., ICP-MS

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

SH (shrinkage temperature) °C 1 210
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 220
FL (flow temperature) °C 1 220