Coniferous bark (#3205)

ID-number#3205
MaterialConiferous bark
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Wood processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated wood residues ▸ Bark from industry operations
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
CountryFinland
Production date2006-10-04
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 72.60 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 0.85 3.10 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 0.69 2.50 ISO 1171

Ultimate Analysis

Nitrogen wt% 0.12 0.42 0.43 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.03 0.03 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 73.57 3.55 0.46 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 3.33 18.63 19.23 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 5.44 19.87 20.51

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 0.0 0.0 0.0 CEN/TS 15289

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C >1450
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C > 1450
FL (flow temperature) °C > 1450