wheat straw (#3202)

ID-number#3202
Materialwheat straw
Description2003
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
CountryNetherlands
Production date2007-07-13
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-06-23

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.15 0.10 ECN 2007-07-17 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 66.03 71.89 80.16 0.30 0.10 ECN 2007-08-07
Ash content at 550°C wt% 9.47 10.32 1.71 0.10 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 9.01 9.81 2.96 0.10 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 16.34 17.80 19.84 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.18 41.57 46.35 0.07 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.18 5.65 6.29 1.88 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.32 0.35 0.39 4.04 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.00 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 39.47 42.98 47.92 0.51 0.10 ECN 2007-08-13 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.16 101.27 101.41 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.47 17.06 19.02 0.01 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.98 16.31 18.18 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 582.8 2 812.0 3 135.4 10.0 ECN 2007-07-27 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 26.6 29.0 32.3 10.0 ECN 2007-07-27 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 6.3 6.9 7.7 10.0 ECN 2007-07-26 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 28.6 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 16 021.8 4.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 107.2 0.8 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 890.3 0.7 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 33 982.4 4.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 925.5 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 64.1 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 581.4 0.3 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 3.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 0.9 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 15.6 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) -0.1 1.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) -1.3 5.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 8.5 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 1.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) -0.7 2.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) -0.5 0.7 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 18.7 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -1.1 0.8 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221