wheat straw (#3201)

ID-number#3201
Materialwheat straw
Description2006
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
CountryNetherlands
Production date2007-07-13
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-06-23

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.08 0.10 ECN 2007-07-17 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 70.00 76.16 82.59 0.19 0.10 ECN 2007-08-07
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.16 7.79 0.10 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 7.26 7.90 0.10 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.76 16.06 17.41 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.31 42.77 46.38 1.34 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.42 5.90 6.39 0.36 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.31 0.34 0.37 12.48 0.10 ECN 2007-07-19 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.00 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 40.04 43.57 47.25 0.34 0.10 ECN 2007-08-13 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 100.44 100.48 100.52 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.15 17.79 19.29 0.01 ECN 2007-07-25 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.63 17.00 18.44 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 507.4 552.0 598.6 10.0 ECN 2007-07-27 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 9.2 10.0 10.8 10.0 ECN 2007-07-27 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 6.1 6.6 7.2 10.0 ECN 2007-07-26 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 112.7 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 268.2 4.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 197.8 0.8 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 075.5 0.7 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 31 907.5 4.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 483.9 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 178.3 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 392.8 0.3 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 6.3 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 3.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 0.9 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.0 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 1.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) -1.7 4.9 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 9.7 0.2 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 2.8 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 1.0 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 2.4 ECN 2007-08-14 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) -0.2 0.7 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 13.4 0.0 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 0.1 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 0.8 ECN 2007-08-14 B.S221