grass (#3197)

ID-number#3197
Materialgrass
Descriptiongrass from nature reserve
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other grass ▸ grass from nature reserve
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras
CountryNetherlands
SubmitterF.P. bakker
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-06-15

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 18.90 0.10 ECN 2008-06-23 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 59.04 72.80 79.68 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.01 8.64 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 6.16 7.60 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 15.05 18.56 20.32 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 35.77 44.10 48.27 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.65 5.73 6.27 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.67 2.06 2.25 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.19 0.23 0.25 0.00 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 33.18 40.91 44.78 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.69 102.09 102.29 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.38 18.30 20.03 0.05 1.00 ECN 2008-07-16 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.07 17.35 18.99 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 351.6 4 132.5 4 523.3 1.8 10.0 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 9.8 12.1 13.2 5.8 5.0 ECN 2008-07-15 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 353.7 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 31 907.1 3.5 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 482.3 1.4 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 296.3 3.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 6 238.8 12.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 576.3 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 289.3 0.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 357.1 1.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 8.6 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 6.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 0.5 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 4.1 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 9.1 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 56.9 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.9 0.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 6.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 40.8 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 1.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) -0.9 3.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.6 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 10.9 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 6.2 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -1.0 1.7 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221