Green grass (#3193)

ID-number#3193
MaterialGreen grass
Alternative nameGreen grass
DescriptionGroen gras
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other grass ▸ grass from nature reserve
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras
Sample date2003-06-02
Sample locationNetherlands
CountryNetherlands
Production date2003-04-01
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-10-07

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.36 0.10 ECN 2003-02-28 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 65.66 70.88 79.73 0.08 0.10 ECN 2003-03-05
Ash content at 550°C wt% 10.28 11.10 0.10 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 9.92 10.71 0.10 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 16.69 18.02 20.27 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.72 43.95 49.44 0.39 0.10 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.46 5.89 6.63 1.92 0.10 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 2.60 2.81 3.16 0.76 0.10 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.46 0.50 0.56 2.71 0.00 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 34.99 37.77 42.48 0.95 0.10 ECN 2003-03-05 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 103.62 103.91 104.39 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.37 18.94 21.31 1.00 ECN 2003-03-04 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.48 17.79 20.01 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 17 561.3 18 956.5 21 323.4 9.8 12.5 ECN 2003-03-06 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 535.1 3.2 0.1 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 29 251.4 1.6 13.0 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 314.7 2.2 0.5 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 5 974.7 3.4 0.7 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 12 142.4 1.4 13.6 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 802.1 1.3 0.0 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 436.6 1.4 2.5 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 4 058.3 3.1 0.5 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 22.2 5.2 0.1 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 38.1 1.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 94.3 0.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 113.1 0.6 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 4.2 3.1 0.5 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.1 0.4 0.1 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 28.6 3.9 0.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 16.1 6.0 0.9 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 20.7 6.6 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 1.0 0.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 26.8 3.6 0.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 7.3 1.1 0.0 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 19.5 0.4 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 223.5 1.2 ECN 2003-03-25 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 70.7 0.6 ECN 2003-03-25 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 19.6 2.1 0.1 ECN 2003-03-25 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 5.5 3.1 0.2 ECN 2003-03-25 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -0.3 -9.1 2.1 ECN 2003-03-25 B.S221