grass pellets (#3192)

ID-number#3192
Materialgrass pellets
Alternative nameGrass pellets
DescriptionEKO grass pellets 25-2-2003 1st bag
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other grass ▸ grass from nature reserve
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras
Sample date2009-06-15
Ash type550°C
CountryNetherlands
Production date2003-02-25
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-03-10
RemarksECN
LiteratureECN laboratories

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.36 0.10 ECN 2003-02-25 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 62.91 70.98 80.79 0.27 0.10 ECN 2003-03-05
Ash content at 550°C wt% 10.77 12.15 0.17 0.10 ECN 2003-02-26 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.96 16.88 19.21 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.13 44.14 50.24 2.21 0.10 ECN 2003-02-28 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.96 5.60 6.37 1.39 0.10 ECN 2003-03-28 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 2.21 2.50 2.84 2.55 0.10 ECN 2003-02-28 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.20 0.22 0.25 9.45 0.00 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 31.59 35.64 40.57 0.17 0.10 ECN 2003-03-05 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 100.77 100.87 100.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.10 17.35 19.75 ECN 2003-02-26 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.46 18.57 21.14 0.74 0.10 ECN 2003-02-26 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.71 17.72 20.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 5 584.3 6 300.0 7 170.9 1.2 10.0 ECN 2003-02-27 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 630.0 0.2 0.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 21 932.0 6.0 3.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 457.0 9.0 1.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 9 467.5 3.5 0.6 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 6 927.0 9.0 8.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 436.0 9.0 0.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 023.0 9.0 0.2 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 698.0 9.0 0.3 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 55.0 3.0 0.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 141.4 2.5 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 141.4 0.1 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 47.1 0.5 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.4 2.0 0.7 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.2 8.1 0.2 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 57.5 20.3 0.1 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 0.7 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 23.6 2.2 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 11.8 0.1 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 24.8 8.9 0.1 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 11.7 6.7 0.0 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 13.7 0.4 ECN 2003-03-05 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 ECN 2003-03-05 below detection limit CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 ECN 2003-03-05 below detection limit B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 36.5 9.0 0.0 ECN 2003-03-05 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 22.3 8.6 0.3 ECN 2003-03-05 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 ECN 2003-03-05 below detection limit B.S221