Miscanthus (#3171)

ID-number#3171
MaterialMiscanthus
Alternative nameMiscanthus
Latin nameMiscanthus spp.
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationGermany
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryGermany
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscanthus some data, taken from original publication, added by ECN, 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo, 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.60 material was predried for storage
Volatile matter wt% 72.48 79.30 81.17
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.10 2.30 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 16.82 18.40 18.83 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.42 48.60 49.74 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.48 6.00 6.14 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.31 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 CEN/TS15289
Oxygen wt% 39.05 42.72 43.73 by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.13 100.14 100.14 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.36 18.13 18.56 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.76 19.43 19.89
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.65 19.31 19.77 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 284.2 1 405.0 1 438.1 neutron activation

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 027.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 27.0 neutron activation