Miscanthus (#3171)

ID-number#3171
MaterialMiscanthus
Alternative nameMiscanthus
Latin nameMiscanthus spp.
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationGermany
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryGermany
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscanthus some data, taken from original publication, added by ECN, 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo, 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.60 material was predried for storage
Ash content at 550°C wt% 2.10 2.30 CEN/TS 14775
Volatile matter wt% 72.48 79.30 81.17
Fixed carbon wt% 16.82 18.40 18.83 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 44.42 48.60 49.74 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.48 6.00 6.14 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 39.05 42.72 43.73 by difference
Nitrogen wt% 0.27 0.30 0.31 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 100.13 100.14 100.14 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 284.2 1 405.0 1 438.1 neutron activation

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.36 18.13 18.56 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.76 19.43 19.89
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.65 19.31 19.77 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 027.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 27.0 neutron activation