Sugar cane (#3170)

ID-number#3170
MaterialSugar cane
Alternative nameSugar cane
Latin nameSaccharum
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ bagasse ▸ sugarcane bagasse
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationItaly
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryItaly
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugar_cane ash data, taken rom original publication, added by ECN in 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.77 predried for storage
Volatile matter wt% 73.41 77.90 80.89
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.49 3.70 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 17.34 18.40 19.11 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 44.95 47.70 49.53 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.65 6.00 6.23 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.47 0.50 0.52 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.16 0.17 CEN/TS15289
Oxygen wt% 39.52 41.94 43.55 by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.28 100.29 100.30 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.64 16.75 17.39 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.02 18.06 18.75
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.96 19.06 19.79 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 753.4 2 922.0 3 034.3 neutron activation

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 706.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 183.0 neutron activation

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 040 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 050 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 065 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 070 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 930 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 040 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 080 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 285 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 219 loose, not shaken

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 8.24
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.96
SiO2 wt% (ash) 49.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.43
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.98
CaO wt% (ash) 4.90
MgO wt% (ash) 3.48
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.66
K2O wt% (ash) 24.10
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.07