Miscanthus (#3168)

ID-number#3168
MaterialMiscanthus
Alternative nameMiscanthus
Latin nameMiscanthus spp.
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Whole plant
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ miscanthus
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [212] olifantsgras/miscanthus
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationItaly
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryItaly
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscanthus ash data, taken from original publication, added by ECN in 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.74 predried for storage
Ash content at 550°C wt% 3.12 3.31 CEN/TS 14775
Volatile matter wt% 73.99 78.50 81.19
Fixed carbon wt% 17.15 18.19 18.81 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 44.40 47.10 48.71 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.66 6.00 6.21 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 39.25 41.64 43.07 by difference
Nitrogen wt% 0.57 0.60 0.62 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.52 0.55 0.57 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 99.55 99.53 99.51 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 078.5 3 266.0 3 377.8 neutron activation

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.56 17.72 18.33 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.94 19.03 19.68
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.83 18.91 19.56 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 9 702.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 259.0 neutron activation

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 835 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 005 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 020 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 220 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 920 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 000 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 170 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 240 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 139 loose, not shaken

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 2.10
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.27
SiO2 wt% (ash) 42.79
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.40
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.51
CaO wt% (ash) 7.56
MgO wt% (ash) 4.81
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.60
K2O wt% (ash) 25.30
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.03