Flax shive (#3164)

ID-number#3164
MaterialFlax shive
Alternative nameFlax fiber
Descriptionwoody stalk of flax
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Oil seed crops ▸ Stalks and leaves
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flax
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationFinland
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryFinland
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkssome data, taken from original publication, added by ECN in 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.60 predried for storage
Ash content at 550°C wt% 1.69 1.81 CEN/TS 14775
Volatile matter wt% 73.41 78.60 80.05
Fixed carbon wt% 18.30 19.59 19.95 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 46.98 50.30 51.23 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.70 6.10 6.21 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 38.42 41.13 41.89 by difference
Nitrogen wt% 0.56 0.60 0.61 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 0.07 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 100.04 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 355.9 381.0 388.0 neutron activation

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.45 18.86 19.21 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.86 20.19 20.56
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.85 20.19 20.56 Calculated

Trace elements composition

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 362.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 87.0 neutron activation

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 114 loose, not shaken