Flax shive (#3164)

ID-number#3164
MaterialFlax shive
Alternative nameFlax fiber
Descriptionwoody stalk of flax
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Oil seed crops ▸ Stalks and leaves
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ flax
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationFinland
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryFinland
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-05
Remarkssome data, taken from original publication, added by ECN in 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.60 predried for storage
Volatile matter wt% 73.41 78.60 80.05
Ash content at 550°C wt% 1.69 1.81 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.30 19.59 19.95 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.98 50.30 51.23 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.70 6.10 6.21 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.56 0.60 0.61 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.07 0.07 CEN/TS15289
Oxygen wt% 38.42 41.13 41.89 by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 100.04 100.05 100.05 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.45 18.86 19.21 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.86 20.19 20.56
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.85 20.19 20.56 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 355.9 381.0 388.0 neutron activation

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 3 362.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 87.0 neutron activation

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 114 loose, not shaken