Pine Sawdust (#3160)

ID-number#3160
MaterialPine Sawdust
Alternative namePine
DescriptionSawdust from pine wood
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Whole trees without roots ▸ Coniferous
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ pine sawdust
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [115] zaagsel
Sample date1996-01-01
Sample locationFinland
Sample lot size0,2-1 m3
CountryFinland
SubmitterVTT
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-01
Remarksash data, taken from original publication, added by ECN in 2012
LiteratureC. Wilén, A. Moilanen and E. Kurkula: Biomass feedstock analyses, VTT publications 282, Espoo 1996.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 15.30
Volatile matter wt% 70.39 83.10 83.17
Ash content at 550°C wt% 0.07 0.08 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.25 16.82 16.83 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.20 51.00 51.04 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.07 5.99 5.99 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.07 0.08 0.08 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.00 0.00 0.00 CEN/TS15289
Oxygen wt% 36.27 42.82 42.85 by difference
Total (with halides) wt% 99.97 99.97 99.97 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.74 19.03 19.05 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.08 20.16 20.18 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg (dry) 50.0 below detection limit of neutron activation

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 480.0 neutron activation
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 neutron activation

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 150 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 180 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 200 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 225 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

American standard method, measured in reducing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 135 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 165 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 185 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 205 ASTM D 1857 Leco AF-600

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 177 loose, not shaken

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.95
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.25
SiO2 wt% (ash) 8.34
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.84
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.00
CaO wt% (ash) 41.84
MgO wt% (ash) 11.81
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.24
K2O wt% (ash) 12.29
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.12