Spruce bark (#3124)

ID-number#3124
MaterialSpruce bark
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Wood processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated wood residues ▸ Bark from industry operations
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
CountryFinland
Production date2007-06-01
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content at 815°C wt% 2.50 ISO 1171

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 50.10 51.38 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 6.30 6.46 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.32 0.33 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 CEN/TS15289
Oxygen wt% 40.70 41.74
Total (with halides) wt% 99.94 99.94 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.65 19.13 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.89 20.40
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.45 20.98 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Minor elements

Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) < 10
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 150.0