Straw (#3107)

ID-number#3107
MaterialStraw
Alternative nameStraw pellet
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro
CountryFinland
Production date2008-09-17
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.00 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.48 7.20 CEN/TS 14775

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.40 46.00 49.57 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.31 5.90 6.36 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.40 1.56 1.68 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.18 0.19 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 64.76 60.84 57.80 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.31 17.28 18.62 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 16.71 18.57 20.01

Chemical Analyses

Minor elements

Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 5.5 CEN/TS 15290
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 34.0 CEN/TS 15290
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 42.0 CEN/TS 15290
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 CEN/TS 15290
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 62.0 CEN/TS 15290

Special components

Chlorine (Cl) wt% (daf) 0.37 CEN/TS 15289