Used wood (#3076)

ID-number#3076
MaterialUsed wood
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ treated wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [150] verwerkt hout
CountryFinland
Production date2008-10-01
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.40 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 0.59 0.60 CEN/TS 14775

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.60 50.30 50.60 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 6.11 6.20 6.24 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.54 0.55 0.55 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% (dry) < 0.02 CEN/TS15289
Total (with halides) wt% 58.24 57.65 57.39 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 18.43 18.73 18.84 CEN/TS 14918
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.80 20.08 20.20

Chemical Analyses

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 CEN/TS 15290
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) < 0.5 CEN/TS 15290
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 CEN/TS 15290
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 CEN/TS 15290
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 92.0 CEN/TS 15290
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.6 CEN/TS 15290
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) < 0.5 CEN/TS 15290
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) < 0.5 CEN/TS 15290
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 46.0 CEN/TS 15290
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) < 0.01 SFS-EN 1483:1997

Other elements

Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) < 0.5 CEN/TS 15290
Thallium (Tl) mg/kg (dry) < 0.5 CEN/TS 15290

Special components

Chlorine (Cl) wt% (daf) 0.01 CEN/TS 15289

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

European standard method

DEF (deformation temperature) °C 1 280
HE (hemispherical temperature) °C > 1450
FL (flow temperature) °C > 1450