Wheat straw (#3071)

ID-number#3071
MaterialWheat straw
Alternative nameTarwestro
Descriptionbiomass
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat ▸ wheat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Sample date2008-06-01
Sample locationPetten
Sample lot size50 l bag
CountryNetherlands
Production date2008-06-01
SubmitterPels, J.R.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-04-06
Remarksbox ECN 14818-2

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.45 0.10 ECN 2008-06-23 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 65.55 71.60 78.04 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.55 8.25 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 7.09 7.75 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 18.45 20.15 21.96 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.12 43.82 47.76 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.83 5.28 5.75 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.38 0.42 0.46 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.00 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 39.65 43.31 47.20 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.34 101.47 101.60 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.02 17.73 19.32 1.00 ECN 2008-07-16 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.17 16.57 18.06 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 455.3 2 682.0 2 923.2 10.0 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 13.0 14.2 15.5 5.0 ECN 2008-07-15 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 ECN 2008-07-22 below detection limit B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 109.9 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 15 466.0 3.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 48.3 1.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 282.0 2.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 20 271.6 10.9 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 642.4 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 114.6 0.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 030.0 1.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 5.6 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 4.7 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 28.1 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 0.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 5.6 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 28.7 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 42.2 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 1.5 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.8 ECN 2008-06-26 below detection limit CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 ECN 2008-06-26 below detection limit B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 8.2 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 ECN 2008-06-26 below detection limit B.S221