Onion peel (#3068)

ID-number#3068
MaterialOnion peel
Alternative nameUienschillen
Descriptionvegetable waste
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Herb processing industry ▸ Chemically untreated herb residues ▸ Blends and mixtures
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
CountryNetherlands
Production date2007-01-02
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-04-16
RemarksECNbox14415nr2

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 13.20 0.00 ECN 2007-11-01 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 60.48 69.68 81.14 0.00 ECN 2007-11-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 12.26 14.12 0.10 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 9.83 11.33 0.10 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 14.06 16.20 18.86 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 33.19 38.24 44.53 0.52 0.10 ECN 2007-11-12 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.34 5.00 5.82 3.26 0.10 ECN 2007-11-12 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.49 0.57 0.66 2.48 0.10 ECN 2007-11-12 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.16 0.19 0.00 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 18.46 21.27 24.76 135.10 0.10 ECN 2007-11-06 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 82.76 80.14 76.88 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 12.47 14.74 17.16 0.65 1.00 ECN 2007-11-08 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.62 16.85 19.62 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 6 802.1 7 836.5 9 124.9 1.5 10.0 ECN 2007-11-12 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 66.0 76.0 88.5 57.7 10.0 ECN 2007-11-15 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 10.9 12.5 14.6 5.7 10.0 ECN 2007-11-08 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 2 820.3 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 11 303.8 4.9 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 2 984.9 1.4 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 32 463.8 1.5 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 9 468.9 4.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 656.2 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 836.4 0.5 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 555.2 1.0 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 109.0 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 5.5 2.0 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 0.5 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 8.7 0.2 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 0.2 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 97.9 0.0 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 0.4 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 4.0 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 13.3 0.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 25.7 0.0 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 1.1 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 2.6 ECN 2007-11-15 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 1.1 ECN 2007-11-15 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 159.7 0.0 ECN 2007-11-15 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 43.4 0.4 ECN 2007-11-15 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -0.5 2.1 ECN 2007-11-15 B.S221