Withered leaves (#3065)

ID-number#3065
MaterialWithered leaves
Alternative nameDorre bladeren
Descriptionbiomassa
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Landscape management woody biomass
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ leaves
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout
CountryNetherlands
Production date2008-06-02
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-04-15
RemarksECN Box 14818 nr.5

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 32.95 0.10 ECN 2008-06-23 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 27.22 40.60 72.20 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 29.35 43.77 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 28.97 43.20 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 10.48 15.63 27.80 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 20.23 30.17 53.65 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 2.23 3.33 5.92 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.69 1.03 1.84 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.15 0.27 0.60 0.00 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 16.25 24.23 43.09 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.83 102.72 104.84 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 7.20 11.93 21.22 1.00 ECN 2008-07-16 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 7.57 11.29 20.08 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 274.9 410.0 729.1 10.0 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 5.5 8.2 14.6 5.0 ECN 2008-07-15 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 14.8 22.0 39.1 10.0 ECN 2008-07-22 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 5 409.7 2.8 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 4 632.4 1.3 4.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 960.6 6.0 1.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 21 806.1 1.4 3.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 71 031.0 65.9 16.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 826.0 0.8 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 3 535.2 2.4 1.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 176.6 2.6 1.5 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 354.0 41.4 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 6.7 14.3 7.6 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 11.3 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 11.2 0.6 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 23.4 6.5 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 13.9 9.2 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 373.0 2.3 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 9.5 2.1 1.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 12.5 7.7 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 9.4 0.8 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 92.8 1.2 0.5 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 84.8 0.5 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 2.6 40.6 2.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) -1.1 -41.0 3.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 82.2 0.8 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 54.4 1.7 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 104.1 3.6 0.5 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -0.2 -18.1 2.1 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221